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2021高考英语作文预测主题:探月

2021高考英语作文预测主题:探月


11月24日,嫦娥五号探测器正式奔月,开启为期23天的奔月之旅。我国在中国文昌航天发射场,用长征五号遥五运载火箭成功发射探月工程嫦娥五号探测器。


Chang'e 5, comprising an orbiter, a returner, a lander, and an ascender, with a total takeoff mass of 8.2 tonnes, is expected to accomplish unmanned rendezvous and docking in lunar orbit.

“嫦娥五号”探测器起飞重量8.2吨,包括轨道器、返回器、着陆器、上升器四个部分,将在月球轨道实施无人交会对接。

【2021高考英语写作预测题】


假定你是李华,你所在的山西国际学校要征集一封英文感谢信,以致意奋战在抗击新型冠状病毒肺炎第一线的医护人员,请你根据下列要点写一封信用于投稿。

假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。你的美国朋友Jim得知你对探月感兴趣,发来邮件和你讨论该话题。请你给他回复邮件,内容包括:

1. 月亮在中国文化中的寓意;

2. 你对人类探月活动的看法。

注意:1.词数不少于50;

2.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

提示词:探月 moon exploration


Dear Jim,


Yours,

Li Hua

【2021高考英语写作预测题范文】

Dear Jim,

I am glad to share with you more details about my passion for moon exploration.

It started with what I had been told about the moon as a kid and grew stronger with time. As you can guess, there is rich cultural meaning behind the faithful companion of the earth. In Chinese culture, as opposed to the masculinity of the sun, the moon is often compared to a quiet and elegant lady. Also, it reminds people of their family and friends far away. People feel reassured knowing that they are watching the same moon as if the moon could serve as their messenger.

Human beings have never stopped exploring our closest neighbor. I believe it is of great significance. The development of relevant technology facilitates the progress of science in general, which benefits our everyday life. What’s more, I think moon exploration shows an important human trait, that is, curiosity about the unknown, which is the driving force that has brought our species this far.

I hope you find what I‘ve mentioned above interesting and reasonable. By the way, what do you think of when you gaze at the moon? Write back and tell me about it!

Yours,

Li Hua


【相关知识点】


“嫦娥五号”的英文是Chang'e 5,而我国首个载人飞船“神舟五号”的英文是Shenzhou V。


这是因为,在英文报道中,无人航空飞行器、卫星、火箭等(unmanned space vessels, satellites, rockets)的编号一般用阿拉伯数字,而载人飞行器(manned spacecraft)的编号一般用罗马数字。

飞天后要进行一系列复杂操作

►After it enters the lunar orbit, the lander-ascender combination will separate from the orbiter-returner combination.
嫦娥五号进入月球轨道后,着陆器和上升器组合体将与轨道器和返回器组合体分离。


►While the orbiter-returner orbits about 200 km above the lunar surface, the lander-ascender will touch down on the northwest region of Oceanus Procellarum, also known as the Ocean of Storms, on the near side of the moon in early December.
着陆器和上升器组合体在距离月球表面200公里处留轨运行,着陆器承载上升器计划12月初在月球西北面的“风暴洋”区域登陆。


►About 2 kg of samples are expected to be collected and sealed in a container in the spacecraft.
嫦娥五号将在月球收集2公斤样本,并进行密封封装。


►Then the ascender will take off with the sample, and dock with the orbiter-returner in orbit. After the samples are transferred to the returner, the ascender will separate from the orbiter-returner.
之后,上升器带着采集的月球样品起飞上升,与轨返组合体对接。样本转送至返回器后,上升器会与轨返组合体分离。


►The combination of orbiter and returner will then depart the lunar orbit and return to Earth's orbit, where the pair will break up and the returner will conduct a host of complicated maneuvers to return to a preset landing site in North China's Inner Mongolia autonomous region in mid-December.
接下来,轨返组合体将离开月球轨道,返回地球轨道,并在那里实施分离,返回器将进行一系列复杂的操控,于12月中旬在内蒙古自治域的预定地点着陆。


►The entire mission is scheduled to last about 23 days, according to the China National Space Administration.
国家航天局表示,整个任务预计持续约23天。


嫦娥五号与以往的

中国探月任务有什么不同?


中国探月工程是我国启动的第一个探月工程,于2004年1月23日正式启动,分为绕、落、回三部曲。


“绕(orbiting)”就是发射月球卫星,嫦娥一号和嫦娥二号已经实现。


“落(landing)”就是在月球表面软着陆,嫦娥三号已实现在月球的正面软着陆,嫦娥四号也已实现在月球背面软着陆,并在月球背面开展科学探测工作,在全球尚属首次。


“回(sample returning)”就是从月球表面采样返回地球,就是本次嫦娥五号执行的任务,计划把2千克的月壤样品带回地球。


嫦娥五号任务的科学目标主要是开展着陆点区域形貌探测和地质背景勘察(investigate the landing site's geological and topographic features),获取与月球样品相关的现场分析数据,建立现场探测数据与实验室分析数据之间的联系;对月球样品进行系统、长期的实验室研究,分析月壤结构、物理特性、物质组成(enable scientists to analyze the lunar samples' structure and physical traits),深化月球成因和演化历史的研究(deepen their research into the moon's origin and evolution)。



Notes


探月工程

lunar exploration program
月球背面

the far side of the Moon
太阳辐射

solar radiation
重型运载火箭

heavy-lift carrier rocket
在轨测试
in-orbit test
公转周期

period of revolution
自转周期

rotation period


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