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2021年高考英语书面表达必备——道歉信

一、题型解读:

我们在工作或生活中,有时难免会犯一些错误,写封致歉信就显得很有必要。道歉信通常包括以下内容:表示歉意;道歉的原由;出现差错的原因;提出弥补措施;请求原谅。写道歉信的语言要诚挚,解释的理由要真实,不要显出丝毫的虚情假意。好的道歉信不仅会取得对方的谅解,还会增进彼此的感情。

二、必备单词、短语、句型

1、必备单词、词组:

assign: v. 分配,指派

fall upon sb: 降临到某人身上

continuous: adj. 持续的

prevent sb from sth/doing sth: 使某人不能做某事

hereby: adv. 因此,据此

occupy: v. 占用,占

get-together: n. 聚会,联欢会

hesitate: v. 犹豫,踌躇

2. 必备句型

I’m sorry to say that... 很抱歉的告知....

I am terribly sorry to tell you that...很抱歉的告诉你....

I am very sorry to inform you that I did not manage to complete…due to…很抱歉地告诉你由于...我未能完成...

I feel terribly sorry for missing the chance of…错过了这么一个...的机会我深感遗憾

Thank you for your invitation to dinner at your home tomorrow evening. Unfortunately, it is much to my regret that I cannot…感谢你邀请我于明日晚上与你和你的家人共进午餐。可是,我非常遗憾地告诉你我无法...

I am sorry that I didn’t reply without delay. 很抱歉的告诉你我未能及时回复.

I cannot participate in the coming Traditional Cultural Festival to be held next month with you as planned.我无法按计划参加于下月举行的传统文化节.

It’s really a pity that I will fail to show up with you.很遗憾我不能和你一起演出.


I would be very much obliged if you could grant me another week for the task.如果您能再给一周时间来完成它我将感激不尽

Hope you can understand my situation and accept my apology.希望您能理解我的处境并接受我的道歉。


I hope the change will not cause you too much trouble. 我希望这个改变不会给你带来太多麻烦.

Sorry again for the inconvenience caused by my absence. 为我的缺席带来的不变再次表示歉意.

Please allow me to say sorry again. 请允许我再说一次抱歉.


Is it possible for you and me to have a private meeting afterwards?对了,在我考试后我们可以见一面么?

If so, please don’t hesitate to drop me a call about your preferable date. 如果可以的话请随时给我打电话,我非常期待能和你愉快地聊天。


If it’s convenient for you, let’s meet at 8:30 outside the school gate. If not, let me know what time suits you best. 如果方便的话,让我们8:30在学校门口外见面.如果不方便的话,请让我知道什么时候你方便.

She is familiar with our show and has the necessary skills, which, combined with her flexible movement and perfect voice, will help make your performance a success.

他很熟悉我们的演出,并且以后必备的技能,灵活的脚步和完美的声音,这个能帮助你们的演出成功.

I do understand you need me badly but I still hope you could forgive me.

我理解你急需我,但是我仍希望你能原谅我.

三、写作流程

1、表示歉意

2、说明具体原因、提出补救办法

3、再次致歉、希望得到理解


经典试题

1、真题再现

(2016年全国卷1)

假定你是李华,与留学生朋友Bob约好一起去书店,因故不能赴约。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:

1. 表达歉意:

2. 说明原因:

3. 另约时间。

注意:

1.词数100左右:

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


Dear Bob,

I’m sorry to say that I cannot go to the bookstore with you on Friday afternoon. I have just found that I have to attend an important class meeting that afternoon. I hope the change will not cause you too much trouble.

Shall we go on Saturday morning? We can set out early so that we’ll have more time to read and select books. If it’s convenient for you, let’s meet at 8:30 outside the school gate. If not, let me know what time suits you best. I should be available any time after school next week.

Yours,

Li Hua

2013年山东卷

假如你是新华中学的学生李华,你的美国朋友Tom一周前给你发电子邮件,询问你暑假里的打算,但你因准备期末考试未能及时回复。请根据双下要点给他回封邮件:

1. 未及时回信的原因;

2. 你假期的打算 (如做兼职、旅行、做志愿者等)

注意: 1. 词数:120-150;

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


参考范文

Dear Tom,

How are you doing? You asked me in your last letter about my plan for the coming summer vacation. I am sorry that I didn’t reply without delay. How I wish I would read and reply your email as soon as I received it. However, I was busy preparing for my final exam at that time, which is vital for me. As a result, I had no choice but to completely focus on my study. I believe that if you were me, you would make the same choice.

By the way, I have a busy schedule for my summer vacation. First and foremost, I would do a part time job, so that my interpersonal skills would be improved. Additionally, I will take a short trip to Beijing to take a summer course. Last but not least, maybe I will work as a volunteer for the school as a teaching assistant.

These are my plan for the summer vacation. What’s yours? I am looking forward to your earliest reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

2、经典模拟

2021年丰台二模

2021年高考英语书面表达必备(3)道歉信

Possible version 1:

Dear Chris,

I am terribly sorry to tell you that I cannot participate in the coming Traditional Cultural Festival to be held next month with you as planned.

To be honest, I wish I could cooperate with you and give a wonderful Peking Opera show. However, much to my regret, I will not be available because I was informed yesterday that I would have to go to Shanghai for a debate competition on behalf of our school during that period. As for the performance, I strongly recommend Li Yue, who used to be our club member, to take my place. She is familiar with our show and has the necessary skills, which, combined with her flexible movement and perfect voice, will help make your performance a success.

Sorry again for the inconvenience caused by my absence. I wish your performance to be a great success and hope I will have another chance to join you in the future. (156 words)

Yours,

Li Hua


Possible version 2:

Dear Chris,

I feel terribly sorry that I can’t make my way to our show on the Festival of Traditional Culture.

Unfortunately, I hurt myself accidentally when I was playing basketball last night. As a result, I’m suffering a badly fractured arm, which means it’s impossible for me to practice Taijiquan for at least a month and my performance will be blown up.

It’s really a pity that I will fail to show up with you. Knowing that you have been waiting for this moment so long, I strongly recommend Jim replace me. As an enthusiast, he’s an excellent Taiji player. Besides, Jim is very cooperative and easygoing, who’s the most suitable person I can think of.

I do understand you need me badly but I still hope you could forgive me. (141 words)

Yours,

Li Hua

3、拔高训练

(1)Directions:

You are invited to a dinner at a friend’s house, but you are not able to attend because of the preparation for a coming examination. Write a letter to your friends to express your apology, explain your reason, and suggest a meeting at another time.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead.

Do not write the address.


范文:

Dear Anne,

Thank you for your invitation to dinner at your home tomorrow evening. Unfortunately, it is much to my regret that I cannot join you and your family, because I will be fully occupied then for an important exam coming the day after tomorrow. I feel terribly sorry for missing the chance of such a happy get-together, and I hope that all of you enjoy a good time. Is it possible for you and me to have a private meeting afterwardIf so, please don’t hesitate to drop me a line about your preferable date. I do long for a pleasant chat with you.

Please allow me to say sorry again.

Regards,

Li Ming


译文:

亲爱的安:

感谢你邀请我于明日晚上与你和你的家人共进午餐。可是,我非常遗憾地告诉你我无法赴约,因为我将忙于准备后天的一门重要考试。错过了这么一个欢乐的聚会我深感遗憾,我希望你们能度过一个愉快的时光。对了,在我考试后我们可以见一面么?如果可以的话请随时给我打电话,我非常期待能和你愉快地聊天。

请允许我再一次致歉。

您真诚的,

李明


经典例题(难2)

(2)Directions:

You failed to finish an important task assigned by your professor because of a severe illness. Write a letter to your professor tp express your apology, explain your reason, and suggest a solution to make up the loss.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2.

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead.

Do not write the address.


范文:

Dear Prof. Patent,

I am very sorry to inform you that I did not manage to complete the book report you assigned last week, due to a sudden illness falling upon me a few days ago. For the past few days I have been in hospital with a continuous fever, which has thus prevented me from any academic activity. I hereby submit the doctor’s note.

I would be very much obliged if you could grant me another week for the task, as my health is turning better.

Hope you can understand my situation and accept my apology.

Yours faithfully,

Li Ming


译文:

尊敬的Patent教授:

我非常遗憾地告知您我没有完成您上周布置的读书报告,因为几天前我突然生病了。过去的几天中我一直持续高烧,住在医院,因此无法进行任何学术活动。随信是医生的诊断书。

如果您能再给一周时间来完成它我将感激不尽,因为现在我的身体正在好转。

希望您能理解我的处境并接受我的道歉。

您真诚的,

李明

常见模版

模板1:过去没有完成的事情

Dear ______,

I am writing this letter to apologize to you for my failing to ______.

The reason is that ______. I am sorry that I cannot finish ______ in time, but is it possible that I make up the loss by ______? If so, I will put everything else aside to ______.

I do hope that you can understand my situation and accept my apology.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

模板2:将来不能做的事情

Dear ______,

Much to my regret / I am terribly sorry that I am unable to ______. It is mainly because at that time I will be full occupied by ______ which is quite out of my expectation, and that conflicts with your ______. Therefore I am forced to adjust my schedule and cannot make my presence on your ______. I sincerely hope that you will enjoy a good time. By the way, can we have a dinner together some time next week? I hope to see you soon.

I am really sorry again and I trust that you will understand.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua




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